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Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB): History and Overview

Photo: Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank Photo: Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

How does the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) work?

An international development bank called the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) offers funding for infrastructure projects throughout Asia. Like other development banks, its goal is to enhance social and economic results throughout Asia and beyond. As of 2023, it has 106 members with a capitalization of $100 billion.

Chinese President Xi Jinping suggested the AIIB as a substitute for Western lending organizations like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund for poor nations. It started functioning in January 2016.

Understanding the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) In 2013, during the APEC meeting in Bali, China’s leader Xi Jinping initially proposed an Asian infrastructure bank. Many bankers have seen the bank as a threat to global lending institutions, including the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). These organizations had come under fire for offering inadequate finance for infrastructure at unfavorable rates and demanding policy requirements for borrowing nations.

The AIIB, on the other hand, was created to provide Western banks with additional loan options. It was somewhat successful in this endeavor; research conducted following the AIIB’s establishment revealed that member banks engaged in fewer infrastructure projects with the World Bank.

With roughly 27% of the voting shares in the bank, CBank is the AIIB’s largest stakeholder. With a 7.6% holding, India is the second-largest shareholder. U.S. officials have scrutinized the bank’s principles and social and environmental protections.

But almost every major Asian nation, except Japan, has joined, as has about half of NATO. The outcome is frequently cited as evidence of China’s expanding global influence at the expense of the United States.

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank’s organizational chart

A Board of Governors that includes one governor and one alternate governor chosen by each member nation oversees the bank. A non-resident Board of Directors is responsible for managing and directing TBankank Bank’s annual plan and budget and developing policies and supervision procedures. AIIB shareholders elect a president for a five-year term and are eligible for reelection once he leads the bank’s tunnel. Senior Management, which includes five Vice Presidents for policy and strategy, investment operations, finance, administration, the corporate secretariat, and the General Counsel and Chief Risk Officer, assists the President. As of 2023, Jin Liqun is in office as President.

Examples of Investments by the AIIB

The bank’s priorities include initiatives supporting sustainable infrastructure and aiding nations working hard to achieve their development and environmental objectives. The bank pranks funding for regional projects that connect nations and cross-border infrastructure initiatives for Central Asian ports, oil pipelines, and telecoms, as well as marine routes in the Middle East, South East Asia, and South Asia.

An example of an AIIB project is a program to improve rural road connections in Madhya Pradesh, India, which will help about 1.5 million rural households. The initiative, which is anticipated to enhance the lives, education, and mobility of the inhabitants of 5,640 villages, was unveiled by the AIIB in April 2018. The AIIB and the World Bank contributed $140 million to the project’s funding.

Is China the owner of the AIIB?

China only owns around 27% of the voting shares in the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), even though it was funded at their request. India is the second-largest stakeholder, with less than 8% of the voting power.

Who are the AIIB member states?

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank is open to all members of the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. The AIIB has 106 members as of 2023, several from nations outside of Asia.

What sets the AIIB apart from the World Bank?

Like the World Bank, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank provides loans to finance infrastructure projects in the Asia-Pacific. The leadership of the AIIB is dominated by China, India, and other nations of the global south, in contrast to the World Bank, which the United States and Europe predominantly control. The AIIB has used its funds to support some World Bank loans; this does not imply that the two organizations are competitors.

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, or AIIB, is an international body headquartered in Beijing that provides money for infrastructure and economic initiatives across Asia. It is sometimes referred to as a substitute for the established global finance system. China initially suggested it, but it currently includes over a hundred signatories.


  • An international development organization, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, funds development initiatives throughout Asia.
  • The AIIB has 106 member nations and a capitalization of $100 billion.
  • The AIIB has been perceived as a threat to the financial system that is dominated by the United States and has been compared to China’s version of the World Bank.
  • The AIIB has authorized 233 projects totaling $44.6 billion in funding.

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