What are financial statement footnotes?
Financial statement footnotes provide further information on how a firm arrived at its data. They also explain year-to-year account methodology discrepancies. The addendum clarifies for those who need it without adding to the message. However, footnote information might show financial concerns with a corporation.
Understanding Financial Statement Footnotes
Financial statement footnotes allow companies to explain various financial statements. Financial statement footnotes include facts and information not included in the primary financial statements, such as the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement.
This is done for clarity because these remarks can be extensive and would muddle the financial statement data if included in the main text. Footnotes allow readers to obtain more information, maintaining a document’s flow. It provides a convenient location to help readers understand complex concepts or computations.
Investors and analysts should study a company’s interim and annual financial statement footnotes. These notes provide crucial information on accounting methodologies, pension plan details, and stock option compensation, which can significantly impact shareholder returns. Footnotes also explain why exceptional events like one-time expenses occur and how they may affect future profitability—sometimes termed explanatory notes.
Financial Statement Footnote Types
Additional information in footnotes may clarify points. This might contain other reference details, policy clarifications, disclosures, or modifications to the data. Most of the information in the statement may be needed, but including it all may make it harder to read and understand.
A corporation must disclose its accounting approach, if it has changed, and whether any items should be read differently from usual practice. Footnotes clarify a corporation’s EPS calculation, diluted share count, and outstanding share count.
Footnotes often describe how a line item value was calculated. This includes depreciation and other situations that need financial forecasting.
Future events expected to affect the business may also be included in footnotes. These usually relate to large-scale positive and negative occurrences. Information on planned product launches and recalls may be provided.
- Financial statements include footnotes to clarify balance sheets, income, and cash flow statement elements.
- The footnotes include necessary disclosures, accounting procedures, changes to methodology from previous reporting periods, and impending transactions that may influence profitability.
- For investors and other financial statement readers, footnotes may expose a company’s financial health difficulties.