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Form 1099-B: Proceeds From Broker

File Photo: Form 1099-B: Proceeds From Broker
File Photo: Form 1099-B: Proceeds From Broker File Photo: Form 1099-B: Proceeds From Broker

Definition of Form 1099-B

Brokers and barter exchanges utilize IRS Form 1099-B to track client earnings and losses during the tax year.

Individual taxpayers obtain pre-filled forms from brokers or barter exchanges. Taxpayers use Form 8949 to determine preliminary profits and losses using 1099-B information. The outcome is shown on Schedule D of their tax return.

Form 1099-B: Who Must File?

Brokers must transmit a 1099-B form to the IRS and send a copy to customers who sold securities during the tax year. The IRS requires the form to report taxpayer profits and losses. Investors get forms in January and February.

Say you sold multiple stocks last year. Sale revenues were $10,000. This amount will be reported to the IRS by the brokerage on a 1099-B form and by you as a taxable capital gain.

Bartering corporations can also file the form. This form is intended to record changes in the capital structure or control of a corporation where you hold stock.

The broker or barter exchange must send all clients a 1099-B by February 15, after the tax year. Do you not get yours? Contact the issuer for a replacement.

How to File 1099-B

For each transaction involving stocks, commodities, regulated futures contracts, foreign currency contracts, forward contracts, debt instruments, options, or securities futures contracts, brokerages or barter exchanges must file a separate 1099-B Form.

Form 1099-B includes:

  • Issuer info
  • Taxpayer data
  • Details on each investment
  • Date and price of purchase
  • Date and price of sale
  • This gain or loss

We omit commissions for certain transactions, which do not apply to the form.

The form records the cash and FMV of products, services, or trade credits received. Taxpayers may have to declare bartering gains. Cash, property, or stock gains are reportable.

Brokers and barter exchanges must disclose all transactions (except regulated futures, foreign currency, and Section 1256 option contracts) on a separate Form.

Taxpayers can minimize their taxable income by subtracting capital losses from capital gains. The tax year limits deductions for capital losses. You can carry the difference to the next tax year if the capital losses exceed the limit.

Download this form from the IRS website.

Other Relevant Forms

Schedule D is required for 1099-Bs. This is where you record your annual profits and losses. Form 8949, Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets documents the transactions.

Why is this form used?

A taxpayer reports capital gains and losses from brokerage and barter exchange sales on Form 1099-B. The IRS and investors receive different paperwork from these businesses for each transaction.7

Tax Return: How to Report 1099-B?

You must report Form 1099-B and Form 8949 as capital gains or losses on Schedule D.

How Do You Read Form 1099-B?

Form 1099-B includes issuer and recipient information. It also lists the property sold, the acquisition date, the selling date and price, the initial price, and deductions. Other information includes federal and state tax withholdings, profits, and losses.

Need to report 1099-B on taxes?

Instead of sending Form 1099-B to the IRS with your tax return, you must include its information on Form 8949 and send it with Schedule D, which you’ll use to total all transactions.

1099-B earned income?

The 1099-B records capital gains and losses. I am selling a stock, stock option, or bond, which results in a capital gain or loss. Employment generates earned revenue.

Bottom Line

You report capital gains and losses for the tax year on Form 1099-B, Proceeds from Broker and Barter Exchange Transactions. Brokers or barter exchanges send it to clients and the IRS.

Taxpayers use this form to compute capital gains and losses on Form 8949, but it isn’t included in tax returns. Schedule D shows these totals. Tax returns to the IRS should contain both forms.


  • Brokers provide customers with Form 1099-B for tax filing.
  • This document details all transactions that occurred throughout the tax year.
  • People use the statistics when filling out Schedule D for the tax year to report their earnings and losses.
  • The sum in question represents the individual’s annual taxable gain (or loss).
  • Brokerage and barter companies must submit different forms, even if a single transaction involves many stocks.



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