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Form 1099-MISC: What It Is and What It’s Used For

File Photo: Form 1099-MISC: What It Is and What It's Used For
Form 1099-MISC: What It Is and What It's Used For Form 1099-MISC: What It Is and What It's Used For

Definition of Form 1099-MISC: Miscellaneous Income

The IRS Form 1099-MISC records several sorts of remuneration, including rentals, prizes, awards, healthcare payments, and attorney fees.

Form 1099-MISC was formerly used to record compensation for independent contractors, freelancers, sole proprietors, and self-employed persons before 2020. Since 2020, this non-employee remuneration has been disclosed on Form 1099-NEC: Non-Employee Compensation. These papers record company payments, not personal ones.

Commonly used 1099 forms include 1099-MISC. After the tax year ends, taxpayers receive 1099s, including Form 1099-MISC, to record their income.

Who submits 1099-MISC?

Someone who pays at least $10 in royalties or broker payments instead of dividends or tax-exempt interest to another person sends Form 1099-MISC: Miscellaneous Income. It is also emailed to everyone you spent at least $600 on in the following categories during the year:

  • Rents (real estate agents and property managers report rent to property owners, or you register office space rent)
  • Awards and prizes
  • Income and other payments
  • Business-related medical and healthcare payments
  • Crop insurance funds
  • Any fisherman who sells fish receives cash.
  • Notional principle: contract cash payment to an individual, partnership, or estate.
  • Attorney fees
  • Any fishing boat goes

The form also covers direct sales of $5,000 or more of consumer items to a customer for resale outside a retail store.

The payer must mail the form to the recipient by February 1 and file it with the IRS by March 1 (March 31 online). Attach the form to the tax return.

In 2020, the IRS replaced Box 7 of Form 1099-MISC with Form 1099-NEC for non-employee pay.

Filling Out Form 1099-MISC: Miscellaneous Income

Form 1099-MISC is multipart-fillable on the IRS website.

Copy A of 1099-MISC is red. IRS use only; do not print this form.

Form black components can be completed, downloaded, and printed:

  • The recipient’s state tax department receives Copy 1.
  • The addressee receives Copy B.
  • They receive copy 2 for their state tax return.
  • The payer keeps Copy C for records.

The payer provides their name, address, and tax ID number, while the beneficiary provides their name, address, and SSN.

Rents in Box 1 and royalties in Box 2 of the updated 1099-MISC form If appropriate, fill out Box 4: Federal Income Tax Withheld and Box 16: State Tax Withheld.

Other 1099s

Below is a list of 1099 forms and their respective purposes:

  • Acquisition or Abandonment of Secured Property: 1099-A
  • Broker and barter exchange proceeds
  • 1099-C: Debt Cancellation
  • Corporate control and capital structure changes
  • Dividends and Distributions
  • Some Government Payments
  • Health Coverage Tax Credit Advance Payments
  • Interest Income (1099-INT)
  • Credit card and third-party network transactions—1099-K
  • Reportable life insurance sale (1099-LS)
  • Long-Term Care and Accelerated Death Benefits
  • Non-Employee Compensation 1099-NEC
  • Original Issue Discount: 1099-OID
  • 1099-PATR: Cooperative Taxable Distributions
  • Qualified education program payments (1099-Q) (Sections 529 and 530)
  • Form 1099-QA: ABLE Account Distributions
  • 1099-R: Pension, Annuity, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plan, IRA, Insurance Contract Distributions
  • 1099-S: Real Estate Proceeds
  • 1099-SA: HSA, Archer MSA, or Medicare Advantage MSA distributions.
  • 1099-SB: Life Insurance Contract Seller Investment
  • Why is the 1099-MISC form used?
  • Form 1099-MISC reports rent, royalties, prizes, awards, healthcare payments, and attorney fees.

I need to report a 1099-MISC on my tax return.

You must report any 1099-MISC income on your tax return. Keep the form for your records, but don’t file it with your taxes. You can deduct state and local taxes withheld on your return.

Who must submit 1099-MISC?

As required by the IRS, you must file Form 1099-MISC with the IRS and send a copy to the payee, pay at least $10 in royalties or broker payments instead of dividends or tax-exempt interest to another person, and pay at least $600 for particular rent paid, prizes and awards, and other listed income payments. By February 1 and March 1 (March 31 electronically), the recipient must receive the form; both dates are deadlines for filing with the IRS.

Bottom Line

Business payers report rentals, prizes, awards, healthcare payments, and attorney fees to the IRS and beneficiaries using Form 1099-MISC. Furthermore, payments must be reported as income on tax returns.

Form 1099-NEC has been reporting nonemployee remuneration instead of Form 1099-MISC since 2020. Additionally, Form 1099-MISC tracks and accounts for stated payments as business deductions for payers and income for payees.


  • Form 1099-MISC reports rent, prizes, awards, medical and healthcare payments, and legal fees.
  • It also reported the revenue of independent contractors, freelancers, sole proprietors, and self-employed taxpayers until 2020.
  • Form 1099-NEC now reports non-employee remuneration.
  • If you paid taxpayers $10 in royalties or $600 in miscellaneous income in a year, they would receive a 1099-MISC.

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